Catalog of Spectroscopic Redshifts (PDR3)

Updates since PDR2

SDSS redshifts have been updated using more recent releases.  Also, the following surveys have been added: 2dFGRS, 6dFGRS, C3R2 DR2, DEIMOS 10k sample, LEGA-C DR2, and VANDELS DR1.  See the table below for details.


A collection of public spectroscopic redshifts is available in the spec-z table.  The spec-z’s are collected from the surveys listed below.  Each survey has its own flagging scheme to indicate redshift confidence and we homogenized the flags in order to select objects with secure redshifts easily.  The spectroscopic objects are matched to the HSC objects by position and the positional and i-band magnitude differences of the matched objects are stored in the specz table.  They can be used to check if the matching is OK.  There are also boolean bits for each object to indicate which survey observed the object.

If you use this table in your publication, please acknowledge the original data sources!

Duplicated objects

Some objects are observed in multiple surveys and we have merged such duplicated objects into one in the following manner:

  • cross-match with HSC objects within 1 arcsec
  • if there are multiple spec-z sources matched to the same HSC object, check their redshift flags
    • if none of them is secure, set z=-9 and zerr=-9
    • if one of them is secure, use that redshift and error
    • if there are >1 secure redshifts, take redshift with the smallest error
  • in all cases, merged object ID will look like “SDSS-DR10-xxx,VIPERS-PDR-yyy,WIGGLEZ-DR2-zzz”  so that you can identify the original objects.  The original flags are stored in the same way.

Known Features

  • GAMA does not have i-band mags.
  • Some objects in PRIMUS have imag=-1 with secure redshift flag.
  • In PRIMUS, objects classified as STARS are flagged INSECURE in our table for now because the confidence flags are not provided for those objects.
  • In GAMA and WiggleZ, we arbitrarily assigned redshift errors.  Do not use them.
  • No i-band magnitude is available from 2dFGRS.  We quote the R-band magnitude from superCOSMOS w/o extinction correction in the imag column in the database.  We realize that this is rather confusing and plan to fix it in the future.
  • No i-band magnitude is available from 6dFGS.  We quote the b_J band magnitude in the imag column in the database.  This is more confusing and needs to be fixed.

Notes on individual surveys

Each spectroscopic surveys has its own selection functions.  Please refer to the references below.  This table also summarizes how we define secure redshifts in our database table.

Survey References Notes
zCOSMOS DR3 Lilly et al. 2009 Flag 4’s, 3’s, 2.5, 2.4, 1.5, 9.5, 9.4, 9.3 are considered secure.
UDSz Bradshaw et al. 2013

McLure et al. 2013

It seems only the secure redshifts are currently available from this survey.
3D-HST Skelton et al. 2014

Momcheva et al. 2016

The best redshift catalog is a combination of spec-z + grism-z + photo-z catalog.  We have selected grism-z only by applying z_best_s=2.  We assume that the spec-z objects are covered by other spec-z samples included in this page.  3D-HST overlaps with HSC in COSMOS, AEGIS, and UDS, and data in those fields are made available in the database.  Grism redshift uncertainties are asymmetric (they are basically very high quality photo-z), but the uncertainty in the database is quoted as (z_err68_max – z_err68_min) * 0.5 for simplicity.
FMOS-COSMOS Silverman et al. 2015  Redshifts with flag>=3 are considered secure.
VVDS Le Fevre et al. 2013  Secure if flag=3, 4, 22, 24 (2x’s are secondary), 13, 14 (broad-line AGN), 213, or 214 (broad-line AGN, secondary).
VIPERS PDR1 Garilli et al. 2014  Secure if 2.6<flag<4.6, 22.6<flag<24.6 (secondary), 12.6<flag<14.6 (broad-line AGN), 212.6<flag<214.6 (broad-line AGN, secondary)
SDSS DR16 Ahumada et al. 2020  Secure if zWarning=0.
SDSS QSO DR14 Paris et al. 2018  Secure if zWarning = 0
GAMA DR2 Liske et al. 2015  Secure if NQ>=4.  zs_err are arbitrarily set to 0.0005*(1+z) in our table.  Do not use them.
WiggleZ DR1 Drinkwater et al. 2010  Secure if Qop>=4. zs_err are arbitrarily set to 0.0003*(1+z) in our table.  Do not use them.
DEEP2 DR4 Davis et al. 2003

Newman et al. 2013

 Secure if ZQUALITY>=3 and not a star.
DEEP3 Cooper et al. 2011

Cooper et al. 2012

 Secure if zquality >= 3

PRIMUS DR1 Coil et al. 2011

Cool et al. 2013

 Secure if ZQUALITY>=3 and not a star (no confidence flag is given to stars).
2dFGRS Colless et al. 2003 Secure if quality_flag >=3
6dFGRS Jones et al. 2004

Jones et al. 2009

Secure if the sum of comparison flags is 0 .
C3R2 DR2 Masters et al. 2017

Masters et al. 2019

Secure if quality_flag >= 3
DEIMOS 10k sample Hasinger et al. 2018 Secure if comprehensive quality flag (Q) = 2
LEGA-C DR2 Straatman et al. 2018 Secure if f_use = 1
VANDELS DR1 Pentericci et al. 2018 Secure if zflg=3 or 4